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Monday, 3 April 2017

Ashraf Ghani The President of Afghanistan

Ashraf Ghani Biography:

Ashraf Ghani is the current President of Afghanistan, elected on 21 September 2014. An anthropologist by education, he previously provided as finance minister and the chancellor of Kabul University. Before returning to Afghanistan in 2002, President Ghani worked with the World Bank. As the Ministers of finance of Afghanistan between July 2002 and December 2004, he extended Afghanistan's attempted economic recovery after the collapse of the Taliban government. He is the co-founder of the Institute for State Effectiveness, an organization set up in 2005 to improve the ability of states to serve their citizens. In 2005 he imparted a TED talk, in which he considered how to rebuild a broken commonwealth such as Afghanistan .President Ghani is a member of the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor, an independent initiative hosted by the United nations programme. In 2013 he was graded 50 th in an online poll to call the world's top 100 intellectuals conducted by Foreign Policy magazine and second in a similar poll run by Prospect publication . Ghani came in fourth in the 2009 presidential election, behind Hamid Karzai, Abdullah Abdullah, and Ramazan Bashardost. In the first round of the 2014 presidential election, Ghani acquired 32% of the voting rights, second to Abdullah who assured 45% of the votes cast. Both nominees went on to rivalry a run-off election, which was held on 14 June 2014 with Ghani acquiring 55.27% of the votes with a make of a million elections over Abdullah.

Early Age of Ashraf Ghani:

Ghani was born on 19 May 1949 in the Logar Province of Afghanistan. He belongs to the Ahmadzai Pashtun tribe. He attended the American University in Beirut, where he earned his bachelor's degree in 1973 and his undergraduate degree in 1977. He congregated his future wife, Rula, while studying there.

Academic Achievements of Ashraf Ghani The President of Afghanistan

He initially wanted to study Law at Columbia University butthen changed his major to Cultural Anthropology. He was invited to educate at University of California, Berkeley in 1983, and then at Johns Hopkins University from 1983 to 1991. He has also attended the Harvard-INSEAD and World Bank-Stanford Graduate School of Business's leadership training program. He dished on the faculty of Kabul University( 1973-77 ), Aarhus University in Denmark( 1977 ), University of California, Berkeley( 1983 ), and Johns Hopkins University( 1983-1991 ). His academic research was on state-building and social alteration. In 1985, he achieved a year of fieldwork experimenting on Pakistani madrassas as a Fulbright Scholar.

Politicle Career of Ashraf Ghani

Returning to Afghanistan after 24 years, in December 2001, Ghani left his poles at the UN and World Bank to join the brand-new Afghan government as the leader an adviser to President Hamid Karzai on 1 February 2002. After leaving Kabul University, Ghani co-founded the Institute for State Effectiveness with Clare Lockhart, of which he was Chairman. The Institute put forward a frame proposing that the nation should play-act ten purposes in order to serve its citizens. This frame was discussed by leads and directors of post-conflict transitions at a gratify sponsored by the UN and World Bank in September 2005. The platform proposed that doubled pacts between the international community, government and specific populations "of the worlds countries" could be used as a basis for organizing assistance and other involvements, and that an annual supremacy indicator to measure nation effectiveness be compiled. Ghani was tip-off as a candidate to attain Kofi Annan as Secretary General of the United Nation at the end of 2006 in a front sheet report in The Financial Times that paraphrased him as pronouncing," I hope to win, through ideas ." Carlos Pascual of the Brookings Institution was also paraphrased, praising Ghani's" tremendous intellect, flair and capability ." In 2005, Ghani granted keynote speeches for rallies includes the American Bar Association's International Rule of Law Symposium, the Trans-Atlantic Policy Network, the annual gratify of the Norwegian Government's development staff, CSIS's meeting on UN reform, the UN-OECD-World Bank's meeting on Fragile Nation and TEDGlobal. He contributed to the Financial Times, International Herald Tribune, Los Angeles Times, New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, and the Washington Post.

Ashraf Ghani as Finance Miniser of Afghanistan

Ashraf Ghani was recognized as the best finance minister of Asia in 2003 by Developing Markets. He carried out extensive reconstructs, including problem a brand-new money, computerizing fund procedures, instituting a single fund account, borrowing a programme of balanced budgets and using budgets as the central political instrument, centralizing revenue collection, tariff reform and modernise usages. He instituted regular reporting to the cabinet the public and international stakeholders as a tool of clarity and accountability, and expected donors to focus their involvements on three sectors, improving accountability with government counterparts and readying a development strategy that viewed Afghans more accountable for their own future development. Poverty eradication through wealth creation and the establishment of citizens' rights is the heart of Ghani's development approach. The National Solidarity Program plows 13,000 of the country's estimated 20,000 villages.

Ashraf Ghani and his Presidency 

After announcing his candidacy for the 2014 elections, Ghani tapped General Abdul Rashid Dostum, a pre-eminent Uzbek politician and onetime military official in Karzai's government and Sarwar Danish, an ethnic Hazara, who too performed as the "Ministers " in Karzai's cabinet as his collect for vice presidential candidates. After none of presidential candidates managed to acquire more than 50% of the vote in the first round of the election, Ghani and Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, the two front runners from the first round contested in a run-off poll, which was held on 14 June 2014. Initial the results of such run-off elections evidenced Ghani as the overwhelming favourite to acquire such elections. Nonetheless, allegations regarding electoral hoax resulted in a stalemate, menaces of violence and the formation of a parallel government by his resist Dr. Abdullah Abdullah tent. On 7 August 2014 US Secretary of State John Kerry floated to Kabul to broker a agreement that delineated an lengthy inspection of roughly 8 million elects and formation of a national unity government with a brand-new role for a chief executive officer who are able carry out meaningful operates within the president's administration. After a three-month audit process, which was supervised by the United Nations with financial support from the U.S. government, the Independent Election Commission announced Ghani as the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan after Ghani agreed to a national unity deal. Initially the election commission said it would not formally announce specific ensues. It later released a statement that remarked Ghani managed to secure 55.4% and Abdullah Abdullah ensure 43.5% of the voting rights, even though it is declined to freeing private individuals referendum ensues.

Personal life of Ashraf Ghani

Ashraf Ghani is married to Rula Saade, ordinary citizens with dual Lebanese and American nationality. Rula Saade Ghani was born in a Lebanese Christian family.The couple marriage after they met during their studies at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon during the 1970 s. They eventually settled in the United States and obtained U.S. citizenship. However, Mr. Ghani forsook his U.S. citizenship in 2009 so he can be able to run in the Afghan elections. Ashraf and Rula Ghani have two children, a daughter, Mariam, a Brooklyn-based visual artist, and a son, Tariq. Both were born in the United States and carry US citizenship and passports. In an odd move for a politician in Afghanistan, Ghani at his presidential inauguration in 2014 publicly thanked his wife, recognise her with an Afghan name, Bibi Gul ." I want to thank the two partners, Bibi Gul, for supporting me and Afghanistan ," he mentioned." She has always supported Afghan women and I hope she continues to do so

Ashraf Ghani Daughter Mariam Ghani

Mariam Ghani was born in 1978 in Brooklyn, New York , of Afghan and Lebanese descent. Her father-god, Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, is chairwoman of Afghanistan. Her mother, Rula Saade, is a Lebanese citizen. Ghani grew up in exile and was unable to travel to Afghanistan until 2002, at age 24. Her family lived in the suburbs of Maryland. Ghani deserved her stages from New York University and the School of Visual Arts in Manhattan in comparative literature and video photography and facility art. Ghani was an Eyebeam resident.